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aliasVishnu (Millennium Resolution)
aliasVishnu (Bolshoi Resolution)
This simulation is good for

  • Modelling galaxies with stellar masses above ~107 Msun
  • Resolving small structures with high time resolution
  • Tracking orbits of subhaloes
  • Testing temporal resolution effects on galaxy properties in semi-analytic models


The Vishnu simulation currently has the highest mass resolution of the N-body simulations available on TAO.  Two versions of the merger trees are available, which roughly match the temporal resolution of the Millennium and Bolshoi simulations (63 and 178 snapshots, respectively).  A "full resolution" version of the simulation with 1000 snapshots will be added to TAO soon.  Vishnu was designed for the purposes of tracking subhalo orbits.  The simulation and trees will be discussed in full detail in the upcoming paper by Sinha et al.



Box length: 130h-1 cMpc

Relative volume to Millennium and an all-sky survey out to z=0.05:

Particle mass: 3.215 × 107h-1 Msun
Gravitational softening: 2.2h-1 ckpc
Number of particles: 16803
Number of snapshots to z=0: 63 or 178

Particle size compared to Millennium:

Vishnu has 26.75 times higher mass resolution than Millennium, meaning a Vishnu halo contains 26.75 times the number of particles of a Millennium halo of equivalent mass.


The cosmological parameters for Vishnu are based on WMAP-1 data (Spergel et al. 2003).

ΩM = 0.25
ΩΛ = 0.75
Ωb = 0.04

σ8 = 0.8
n = 1.0
h = 0.7


Haloes and subhaloes were identified using ROCKSTAR, with merger trees subsequently constructed with CONSISTENT-TREES.  Vishnu includes subhaloes with as few as 2 particles.

Semi-analytic galaxies

Galaxy catalogues for Vishnu available on TAO have been built with the following semi-analytic models: