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This simulation is good for

  • Modelling galaxies with stellar mass above ~109.0 Msun
  • Probing Gpc scales


The MultiDark simulations comprise a suite of N-body simulations of various cosmologies, volume, and resolution (which are part of a larger family of simulations that includes Bolshoi), described in Klypin et al. (2016).  TAO currently hosts the MultiDark (Planck) simulation, otherwise abbreviated to MDPL.  Currently, MDPL is the largest-volume simulation available on TAO with full semi-analytic model data, and it has the most up-to-date cosmology.  MDPL was run with GADGET2.  Further information and data products for MultiDark can be found here.



Box length: 1000h-1 cMpc

Relative volume to Millennium and an all-sky survey out to z=0.05:

Particle mass: 1.5 × 109h-1 Msun
Gravitational softening: 5h-1 kpc
Number of particles: 38403
Number of snapshots to z=0: 126

Particle size compared to Millennium:

MDPL has 1.74 times lower mass resolution than Millennium, meaning a Millennium halo contains 1.74 times the number of particles of an MDPL halo of equivalent mass.


The cosmological parameters of the MDPL simulation are based on Planck data released in 2013 (published as Planck Collaboration XVI 2014).

ΩM = 0.307
ΩΛ = 0.693
Ωb = 0.048

σ8 = 0.829
n = 0.96
h = 0.678


Haloes and subhaloes were identified using ROCKSTAR, with merger trees subsequently built with CONSISTENT-TREES.

Semi-analytic galaxies

Galaxy catalogues for the MDPL simulation available on TAO have been built with the following semi-analytic models: