- Modelling galaxies with stellar mass above ~10
^{9.0}M_{sun} - Probing Gpc scales

*N*-body simulations of various cosmologies, volume, and resolution (which are part of a larger family of simulations that includes Bolshoi), described in Klypin et al. (2016). *TAO* currently hosts the MultiDark (Planck) simulation, otherwise abbreviated to MDPL. Currently, MDPL is the largest-volume simulation available on *TAO *with full semi-analytic model data, and it has the most up-to-date cosmology. MDPL was run with GADGET2. Further information and data products for MultiDark can be found here.

Box length:** 1000 h^{-1} cMpc**

Relative volume to Millennium and an all-sky survey out to *z*=0.05:

Particle mass:** 1.5 × 10 ^{9}h^{-1} M_{sun}**Gravitational softening:

Particle size compared to Millennium:

MDPL has 1.74 times lower mass resolution than Millennium, meaning a Millennium halo contains 1.74 times the number of particles of an MDPL halo of equivalent mass.

*Planck* data released in 2013 (published as Planck Collaboration XVI 2014).

**Ω _{M} = 0.307**

**σ _{8} = 0.829**

*TAO* have been built with the following semi-analytic models: